Sagarmatha National Park

General description of Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha national park is home to the highest peak (Mount Everest), which conserves many trails of Everest region trekking. This National Park was established in 1976 AD. Where in 1979AD, Sagarmatha National Park became the first National park of Nepal to be enlisted in the UNESCO world heritage site.

Everest three high pass trek a true heaven
Approaching view of Mt. Everest seen from the helicopter

Picture of Everest or national park gate

The altitude range of Sagarmatha National Park is from 2845m (9334ft.) at Monjo village to 8848m (29029ft.) at the top of Mount Everest.

In Nepali Everest is called “Sagarmatha”, which is how this national park is named as Sagarmatha National Park by the name of the tallest peak, in Nepali language.

Major attraction of Sagarmatha National Park is obviously Mount Everest(8848m) and other neighboring peaks, deep gorges, numerous glaciers along with longest glaciers of the world “Khumbu glacier”. Khumbu glacier starts from Everest basecamp and extends all the way to Thukla village.

The outstanding landscape, rich flora and fauna, wildlife, birds, culture, tradition, wide range of Mountain peaks can make everyone satisfied while trekking or touring the national park area in Everest.

Mixed beauty of scenery of nature, wide mountain range and local Sherpa’s culture, tradition and lifestyle has made the trekking to Everest as a most popular thing to do in Nepal.

Everest three high pass trek a true heaven
Trekkers in everest basecamp trail during Everest three high passes trek

Famous Gokyo lake and Dudh Koshi river are first sight loving attractions of Sagarmatha National Park. For adventure trekking trip in Everest region or to explore local community with wide snow-capped mountain ranges: Sagarmatha National Park trekking tour or climbing packages can be a fulfilling choice for your Nepal travels.

How to get & what to do in Everest region trekking?

Everest three high pass trek a true heaven
On the small plane to get to start point of sagarmatha national park trekking route “Lukla” – Picture taken during – Everest three high passes trek

To reach to Sagarmatha National Park you have to take a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. Ktm Lukla flight is around 30 minutes.

And then you have to start trekking from Lukla towards small village of Phakding or you can trek all the way to Monjo. Monjo village is the national park entrance point. Passing through the sagarmatha national park entrance or exit gate – you will get to Jorsalle village. Jorsalle village is the last human settlement before reaching to Namche bazzar.

The main activities which Sagarmatha National Park offers are; expedition, trekking, mountaineering and tour of local Sherpa community & monasteries. Tour to sagarmatha national park can be – Everest basecamp landing helicopter tour, bird watching tour, horse riding tour to the Everest base camp or mixed of trekking with helicopter ride as per customization from your trekking agency in Nepal.

Major Trekking & Mountaineering activities

Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most popular treks in the world. Trek to ebc has been the bucket listed dream of thousands of trekkers or nature lovers. The elevation of Everest base camp is 5364m (17600 feet).

Everest base camp trek offers you the beautiful scene of nature with 4 mountains above eight thousand meters; Mount Everest (8848m), Mount Lhotse (8516m), Mount Makalu (8481m) and Mount Cho Oyu (8201m). Other major peaks we will see are Mount Amadablam, Kongde ri, Kusum kanguru and Thamserku. However, the range of mountain seen along the trail of EBC trek is wider and closer than you can really imagine.

On the Everest base camp trek you will get a choice to climb up Kala Patthar (but it is not mandatory thing to do while trekking to Everest base camp). From the top of kalapatthar, you can see the appealing view of the worlds’ highest mountain i.e. Mount Everest and infinite range of snow peaks besides.

During the trek you will walk along the famous Dudh koshi River and Imja river valley. Color of Dudh Koshi river is interesting, as it comes directly from the glaciers. This is a trekking to explore the Buddhist monasteries and to soak with the local culture Sherpa people. Monastery at Tengboche is famous and a most happening monastery among dozens in the region.

Everest basecamp trekking can vary with itinerary and mode of transportation. Famous way to do trek to everest basecamp is – trekking from Lukla and flying back from the Tenzing hillary airport.

However, everest helicopter tour is a one day tour activity to replace varied everest basecamp trek.

Jiri Gokyo Everest base camp trekking is one of the most adventurous hikes in the everest region . Trekking starting from jiri walks you on the historic trail of Everest Region.

Jiri to everest basecamp trekking trail of Everest has multiple tea houses and luxury hotels. Jiri to everest basecamp trail can be satisfactory trail to those who loves to walk near the beautiful snow capped mountains and also want to see the lifestyle of people living in those areas.

As trekking starts at low altitude and follows ups and down, proper acclimatization is certain in Jiri to EBC trek. Average physical condition is enough the trek.

The trek starts from the historical city, jiri where the landscape is similar to of Zurich, Switzerland.

    Trip Type?

    From jiri you will trek towards Bamti Bhandar and pass over Lamjura above 4000 meters. After trekking over junbesi, nunthala and surkey, the trekking trail will meet Lukla to Everest basecamp trail, before getting to Namche Bazaar. Namche is the trekkers hub of Everest region.

    Gokyo Ri Hike
    Sunset seen at namche bazar

    From Namche you will be heading towards to Gokyo lake trail and later after the trek over chola pass Jiri to EBC trekking trail connects to lobuche. And on the trail to Everest Base Camp you will be walking by the famous glacier of the region i.e. Khumbu glacier. Trekking from Lobuche to EBC amazes you with wilderness and so close – very high mountain ranges.

    Everest three high passes trek is one of the demanding/challenging trek with Everest basecamp. During 3 high passes trek you will be passing through the Renjo la pass (5345m), cho la pass (5420m) and kongma la pass (5171m).

    The trek it offers you the magnificent views of high mountain ranges such as Mount Everest(8848m), Mount Makalu(8463m), Mount Lhotse (8516m), Mount Cho Oyu (8201m), Mount Amadablam (6812m), Mount Pumori (7161m), Mount Kangtega (6782m) and many others peaks which will definitely takes your heart away.

    If you are looking for adventure trekking trail and challenge yourself at Everest Region of Nepal then Everest three high passes trek will be perfect choice for you.

    Everest 3 high passes trek is not very tough as climbing or expedition. But with high passes which we need to cross one after another – trek surely demand your physical strength.

    What do you get with all these tough trekking? You will walk along the huge glaciers, trek by ice falls, capture the moments of being above the mountains and clouds. Trekking by the side of glacial lake, walking next to the towering peaks, changing the orientation of mountains as we trek; are interesting part of everest 3 high passes trek.

    Everest three high pass trek a true heaven
    Gokyo lake seen on second week of our Everest three high passes trek

    As an achievement- getting to Everest basecamp, climbing kalapatthar and Gokyo ri, trekking along lakes of Gokyo, visiting the monasteries like Khumjung & Tengboche will surely make a best trip to everest Nepal.

    EBC Arun Valley Trek Arun valley is versatile trek. Trekking starts at Arun Valley, which eventually connects to Everest basecamp. Trekking along the interesting route in the Himalayas of Nepal in Everest region, will give experience of both nature and culture.

    Trekkers walking on the trail in the Everest region trekking tour near Everest basecamp.

    Arun valley EBC trek will offers you the beautiful valley trek along the peaceful river & expereince to trek over the high passes before getting to the basecamp of tallest peak in the earth – “Mt Everest”.

    Trek offers the eye-catchy views of mountain ranges, such as the tallest peaks of the world Mount Everest, Mount Makalu, Mount Kanchenjunga, Mount Barunse, Mount Amadablam, Mount Nuptse and many other in the infinite ranges of the mountains.

    EBC Arun Valley trekking route can give you the experience of the wider varieties wildlife, 800 species of butterflies, 650 species of birds and multiple varieties of flora and fauna, of Makalu-Barun National park as well. Trek ends at Sagarmatha national park.

      If you have enough time with moderate physical fitness & stamina with desire of witnessing the high mountain ranges , we recommend you this EBC Arun Valley Trek.

      Gokyo Ri Trek
      View of Gokyo Lake seen from less than half way to Gokyo ri peak near renjo la pass

      Gokyo ri trek is ideal trekking package to view the Everest in short days. Those who have busy schedule but has desire to trek for the short period of time to get best of Everest region, Gokyo ri trek is always recommended.

      To see Everest from different angle, wide open than seen from Kalapatthar top; Gokyo ri trek gives amazing experience.

      In this trek, you will be walking upto an elevation of 5000m above the sea level within the Sagarmatha National park and can witness the eye-appealing view of wide mountain ranges including Mount Everest, Mount Makalu, Mount Lhotse, Mount Cho Yu.

      You can also see the Ngozumpa glacier which is one of the biggest glacier of Nepal Himalayas. Gokyo ri trek is a short and easy trek in Everest to see outstanding view of Mount Everest herself.

      Gokyo trek is famous among those people who love to be in the mountain lakes and have to see Mt Everest rather than get to the basecamp of Everest.

      Everest View trek will offers you the best scenery of the Everest region in short span of time. Trekking in the lower region of Everest basecamp trek is obviously easier.

      During the trek you will be walking through the rhododendron forest, pine forest and crossing rivers and you will be visiting Museum of Sagarmatha National Park at Namche. Museum offers you to learn the culture, nature, wildlife and history of mountaineering in Everest Region.

      Everest view trek also offers you an opportunity to explore the culture, tradition, language and lifestyle of local Sherpa community. During this trek, animals such as mountain goat, red panda and snow leopard also can be seen.

      Climbing & Expedition is big & wide in Everest region

      Island peak is also called Imja tse. Peak is at an altitude of 6189m from the sea level. In the recent years, Island Peak Climbing is being popular because it offers an exceptional scenery of Chhukung valley, imja valley and Khumbu region as well as high and wide mountain ranges.

      During island peak climbing you will also get a chance to explore the Everest base camp. Itinerary which takes you to everest basecamp and come back for peak climbing will properly acclimatize your body.

      However, if stamina is the issue; it is better to go with only island peak climbing itinerary, which skips Everest basecamp trek.

      During this trek you will also get chance to explore the Sherpa’s culture, tradition and lifestyles and you will get the Panoramic views of beautiful snowcapped mountains including the highest mountain peak of the world Mount Everest and others such as Mount Lhotse, Mount Amadablam, Mount Nuptse and Mount Thamserku.

      Basic climbing knowledge & use of normal equipment is sufficient for island peak climbing.

      Mount Makalu is close on sight from this peak in Everest region. Whereas you can not see Mount everest.

      Lobuche peak lies by the route to everest basecamp. Trekking to everest basecamp has destination village – Lobuche. As the name of the village this peak is next to it.

      From Lobuche village we trek to Everest basecamp. But Lobuche peak can be climbed from the village or from another side of the hilltop. Lobuche peak is very near to Everest and the location of summit is in the middle of Khumbu Himalaya range.

      Peak has 2 summits, famous as east and west lobuche peak – climbing is right in front of Mt Everest.

      Lobuche peak climbing is technical as use of rope is mandatory while walking on the ridge of this snow capped mountain. Climbing involves both ice and rock climbing. This could be bright side of the peak as well as chhalenging.

      Mera Peak climbing is near Everest, known for the most climbing peak of Nepal with an elevation of 6476m.

      Mera Peak is the highest trekking peak of Nepal but it is not technical, only requires basic knowledge of Climbing. Only the altitude will be an issue while trekking towards the summit of mera peak.

      Mera Peak climbing offers you the view of world highest peak mount Everest and others peaks above 8000m and more than 100 of peaks below 8000m.


      You can find varieties of wildlife at Sagarmatha National Park such as Himalayan tahr, musk deer, jackal, weasel, black bear, wolf, snow leopard, lynx, pikka and ghoral.

      National parks in Nepal
      Yak seen at Sagarmatha National Park along with the mountain

      Sagarmatha National Park you conserves 193 species of birds and some of them are snow Danphe (National bird of Nepal from peasant family) pigeon, snow cock, impeyan pheasant, Himalayan griffon, lammergeyer and many others.

      At lower altitude of Sagarmatha National Park you can find the vegetation such as Pine and hemlock forests and above 3500 meters you can find the forest of rhododendron (National flower of Nepal) silver fir, birch and juniper trees at Sagarmatha National Park.

      Entrance fee and Permit for Sagarmatha National Park

      Sagarmatha National Park has an entrance fee of Rs. 25 for Nepal citizens, Rs. 1500 per person per entry for SAARC citizen and Rs. 3000 per person per entry for foreign citizen.

      Apart from national park you are obliged to pay local government authority for entering the national park of Sagarmatha.

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      About Author

      I grew up in the mountains & got university education in Kathmandu to become an engineer. But with homely environment of mountains interest me to become a trekking & tour guide, by passion. I have been 6574 meter to the highest & fortunately got chance to explore most of Nepal and bit of abroad.

      Eventually, passion converted to profession and here i am on behalf of Nepalgram - a Trekking agency in Nepal.

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