Altitude sickness & Nepal Travel documents information Updated 2021

happy clients at annapurna basecamp on their Nepal travels joy
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Travel plan for Nepal is always about adventure trekking and small tour activities. Nepal travels will not have ocean beaches and most of Nepali land is with uphill and downhill. Hilly road, towering mountains has made difficult life in Nepal. Along with the difficult life, many destinations for Nepal travels are under shadow. There are many hidden tourist spots, still undiscovered.

However we see, Nepal is a country of tallest mountain in the world. Mount Everest standing at an altitude of 8848 meters above the sea level has made Nepal as an ideal destination to Travel. With that being said, in this page I will discuss about information on Nepal travel documents, altitude sickness, AMS causes AMS prevention and AMS symptoms.

NEPAL Travels Documents for trekking

Trekking in these high altitude of everest in Nepal Travels
High altitude picture – Taking picture infront of Mt Amadablam while trekking to Everest base camp

Nepal is an easy travel destination. All most all of the countries all around the world gets visa on arrival, for any kind Nepal travel. Small country Nepal does not have any strict rules for travel protocols. Anyone traveling to Nepal need following documents for trekking tours or climbing in Nepal:

  • Your Valid passport
  • 2 copies of passport size photos & US$50, to get visa on arrival
  • Your travel insurance, remember that your insurance covers travel and the high altitude you get in your Nepal travels
  • Your credit cards, because most of the shops in Nepal has card payment service
  • Keep soft copy of all the personal documents in your phone or in the virtual space

Altitude sickness overview

Altitude sickness, also called AMS is a famous short time illness seen during trekking in high Himalaya. AMS stands for acute mountain sickness. In case of Nepal high altitude sickness starts above 3000 meters, in general. AMS has different ways of encountering and infection on the human body. In general altitude sickness is seen in the form of headache or tiredness. But insights of the cause and its remedy are included in the different heading below.

legends lined up infront of Mt Pumori
Legends of the mountainsWho rarely get problem with the high altitude and these are the folks to succeed your Nepal adventure.

As said, short term illness while trekking or touring high Himalaya, altitude sickness is not always simple and small. Altitude sickness might lead to death of the victim. AMS cannot be ignored; neither can be forecasted from person to person.

Nepal is known as a famous trekking or high altitude sports destination for nature lovers and mountaineers for their Nepal Travels. At this significant moment of joy, anyone can be victimized with short term sickness which might not just terminate the tour or trekking activity with incompleteness but also might take one’s life. With this state of emergency, we hereby illustrate different remedies and symptoms. This must help you if considered properly.

Causes of altitude sickness

information on altitude sickness for Nepal Travel 2
These porters trek all the way to EBCat your paceprovesCause of Altitude sickness is not nthe heavy loads but unproper acclimatization

One and only known cause of altitude sickness is climbing higher altitude, which your body does not like. Apart from that there are some major reasons for AMS to accelerate. They are listed below:

  • Lack of acclimatization while trekking
  • Drinking less
  • Clod wind and breeze
  • Fever or abnormal health condition like mensuration in ladies
  • Hungry stomach
  • Lack of sleep or rest for the body
  • Too much of push while trekking in high altitude, rapid ascends with heavy physical acitvity

Altitude sickness Symptoms

Once one gets altitude sickness, s/he will start to exhibit many symptoms on his/her body. However the symptoms will differ from one person to another, in respect to their body and health condition and present physical and mental stress.

Also there are 2 types of high altitude sickness and they are as follows:

  1. HACE

Full from of HACE is high altitude cerebral edema and as said by its full form, HACE hits on our cerebral. The head hurts more and altitude symptoms will not see on your body and behavior. Some of the symptoms of HACE are as below:

  • Headache (might come and go or stays there for long)
  • Dizzy head
  • Feeling like a heavy head
  • Back lobe of head felling high pressure with persistence ache
  • Loss of memory/Forgetting things OR Difficult speaking
  • Seizures is the bad situation
  • Feeling sleepy or lazy without much of exercise
  • WORST!!! to lose the control of your own body or unbalanced body
  • Coma lead to RESULT!!! Death
  1. HAPE

High altitude pulmonary edema is the full form of HAPE. Like it says in full form, HAPE will affect the pulmonary system of our body. This is the most common altitude sickness encountered while climbing mountains. Some of the Symptoms of HAPE are listed below:

  • Dry Cough
  • Short of breath
  • Headache on the front lobe of your head
  • Descending level of fitness or slow walking behavior
  • Headache that comes and goes frequently

Preventions of High altitude sickness

drinking water helps lot to prevent AMS
Guide showing clients that how important is drinking water is in the Mountains. – A Demo

One and only preventive measure of preventing high altitude sickness is by proper acclimatization and once someone is infected the best way is to get down as soon as possible. Some of the remedies of AMS for your Nepal travels are listed below:

  • Proper Acclimatization
  • Eat & drink enough
  • Keep warm with cloths and food or beverage
  • Warm up before starting trek
  • Eliminate probable reasons to make you sick en route of trekking
  • Following proper itinerary
  • Avoiding rush hiking and trekking with multiple breaks
  • Taking enough rest or sleep more
  • Take medicine prescribed by doctors (like Dexamethasone, Zolomide, Diamox etc…)
  • Avoid smoking and drinking
  • Extra oxygen supply
guy wearing buff to protect from the cold
One of the major precaution that you should take while traveling in Nepal in the high altitude is from the cold.

About Author

I grew up in the mountains & got university education in Kathmandu to become an engineer. But with homely environment of mountains interest me to become a trekking & tour guide, by passion. I have been 6574 meter to the highest & fortunately got chance to explore most of Nepal and bit of abroad.

Eventually, passion converted to profession and here i am on behalf of Nepalgram - a Trekking agency in Nepal.

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