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Overview of Makalu Barun Conservation Area
Makalu Barun Conservation Area is home of the 5th highest mountain of the world, Mount Makalu (8481m). Thus Makalu barun conservation area is trending destination for Makalu base camp trekking. Makalu Barun conservation area was established on the year 1992 which is located in the Solukhumbu & Sankhuwasabha districts of Nepal.
Makalu Conservation area is bordered by the beautiful Arun River on the east & Sagarmatha national park in the West. Sagarmatha National park is home of world’s highest mountain Mount Everest (8848m).
Mt Everest is neighbour of Makalu barun conservation area – to the west. Makalu Barun Conservation area has border to Tibet in the north and saune danda of Nepal to the southern part.
Conservation area covers an area of 2330 sq.km. Buffer zone of Makalu conservation area is 830 sq. km.
Besides, the world 5th highest peak Mount Makalu – this conservation area is home to famous trekking peak “mera peak 6654m”, Baruntse peak of 7129m, Chamalang peak of 7319m, Thamserku peak of 6623m and kangtega peak 6782m. Peaks like Thamsherku & Kangtega are bordering with Sagarmatha national Park, which are less climbed peaks.
While trekking inside the Makalu Barun Conservation Area you can explore the rich flora and fauna, the remote wilderness, thousands of species of birds, the culture and tradition of local community and wide snow-capped mountain ranges.
Makalu Barun Conservation Area is a trending destination for hikers and climbers. There are many treks and climbs you can do here, including: -Mera Peak Trek and Climbing -Baruntse Peak, Climbing -Ama Lapacha Pass Trek -Makalu Base Camp Trek. Above mentioned are few of the most popular things do do in Makalu barun conservation area !. If you plan to come, we suggest doing your research early.
How to get to Makalu Conservation Area or to Makalu basecamp?
You can take a flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar or drive from Kathmandu to Biratnagar/Dharan.
If you drive from Kathmandu to Biratnagar, after reaching Biratnagar, you will be taking a flight to Tumlingtar.
But if you choose to drive from Kathmandu to Dharan, reaching at Dharan you will be again taking jeep to Hile. Jeep takes around 6/7 hours and we will start the trek to reach to Tumlingtar.
To go to Mera la side of the Makalu conservation area; you can also choose the flight from Kathmandu to Lukla/ Phaplu. From Lukla airport or Phaplu airport you can reach to Inkhu valley of Makalu Barun Conservation Area.
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Major Activities inside this Conservation Area
The major activities inside Makalu Barun Conservation area are trekking and Mountaineering. You can also enjoy the activities, such as Bird watching and jungle Safari.
We’re pretty sure you’ll find something you like from Nepalgram’s top picks: Mera Trekking Peak and Climbing, Baruntse Peak Climbing, Ama Lapcha Pass Trek, Makalu Base Camp Trek. But there are plenty of others to choose from.
To make sure you’ve found the right fit, do your research on these trips.
- What’s their difficulty level?
- How long will they take?
- What should you pack?
These are all questions to consider before committing to any adventure.
Trekking & Mountaineering in Makalu Conservation Area includes;
- Makalu Base Camp Trekking – A base camp trek in the Remote Nepal, just turned into tea house trekking trail
This base camp trek is one of the most adventurous remote trekking destinations inside Nepal. Makalu Base camp stands at an altitude of 5250m above the sea level.
In the Maklau Base Camp Trekking area, you can find the community combined with various caste and religion. Sherpa, Tamang and chhetri the most and many others with different caste and religion resides in Makalu region.
Despite being the differences in caste and religion, the community is living in harmony – no discrimination, no fights, but more hospitable and welcoming towards visitors/trekkers.
Their culture, tradition and festivals will be real pleasure to indulge in the trekking to makalu Base camp.
The trekking trail will surely refresh you with the view of Arun River flowing restlessly. The eye-appealing views of waterfalls, 100s’ of mountains over 7000 and 8000m from Arun river valley – such as Mount Makalu (8463m), Mount Chamlang (7319m) and Mount Baruntse (7129m) and many other peaks in just outstanding showcase of Himalaya are surreal ornaments of this Makalu basecamp trekking.
Another major thing to explore in Makalu Basecamp trek is unspoiled flora and fauna of Makalu Barun Conservation area. Thus Makalu region is suitable for researchers, Botanist, florist & scientists.
- Arun Valley Trekking – Less visited trekking trail connecting Everest with Makalu base camp and Kanchejunga
The Arun valley is in between the Makalu Barun conservation area and Sagarmatha National park. It is considered to be the beautiful & easiest but longest trekking trail of Nepal. This is an interesting trail from Makalu basecamp to get to Everest base camp.
Arun valley trek connects the Everest region and Makalu base camp trekking trail. The valley is dominant by Sherpa, Rai and limbu majorly; and few other community where you will explore their interesting culture and tradition.
Arun valley trekking route lies in between the view of two high elevated mountains i.e. Mount Makalu (8463m) and Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m). The Arun valley trekking will offer you rich flora and fauna of the valley and the spectacular views of wide snow-capped mountains such as Mount Everest (8848m), Mount Makalu (8463m), Mount Ama dablam (6812m), Mount Nuptse (7861), Mount Thamserku (6623m), Mount Lhotse (8516m), Mount Baruntse (7129) and many other unnamed unclimbed peaks.
Arun valley trekking can also be merged with the Everest Base Camp trekking.
- Mera Peak Climbing – A famous trekking peak to see Mount Everest & 1000s’ of mountains
It is one of the tallest & easiest trekking peaks of Nepal. Mera peak lies inside the Makalu Barun conservation area.
Mera peak is with an elevation of 6474m above the sea level. However there are 3 summits of Mera peak.
Mera Peak can be the best peak climbing option for your first climbing in Nepal – because of its more height and the low level of difficulty.
With the exploration of highest elevated mountain ranges of Nepal including Mt Everest itself, Mera peak stands out to a best peak climbing in Nepal.
Mera Peak is not a challenging peak but still demands the good physical fitness and high level of stamina from the climbers to cope up with cold and loner trekking hours in high altitude. No knowledge of technical climbing can climb mera peak with comfort.
From the top of the Mera Peak you will be witnessing the panoramic view of mountain ranges over 8000m such as Mount Everest, Lotse, Cho yu and Mount Makalu. From the summit of mera you will see Everest range, Makalu range, Kanchenjunga range, Ganesh himal range and many other snow lines from Tibet. Mera Peak can satisfy your climbing hunger while adding the experience of climbing in Nepal Himalaya to its easiest facility.
- Baruntse Peak Climbing – an easy Expedition but worth your long climb for the best view
Baruntse peak lies in between the world’s highest mountain i.e. mount Everest and world 5th highest mountain i.e. Mount Makalu. Baruntse peak 7129 meters is one of the favorite climbing peaks of mountaineers over 7000 meters in Nepal.
The location, beauty and peacefulness of the surrounding and easily accessible routes with different options have made the Baruntse peak famous expedition above 7000 meters. With less effort in short duration, climbers summit the Baruntse Peak with high success rate.
Remote area trek and amusing climb in snowy mountain peak of Baruntse will be full of excitement and joy. The panoramic view of the wide mountain ranges like Mount Everest, Mount Makalu, Mount Ama dablam and many other peaks are major attractiona of Baruntse peak climbing. However, you will be able to see 1000s’ of unnamed and unclimbed peaks from the summit of Baruntse.
Wherever you end up going in the Makalu Barun Conservation Area, make sure you pack the right equipment. All visitors must be accompanied by a licensed guide who knows how to navigate the terrain safely.
For your general idea we have a packing list – Are you looking for packing list for adventure tour, trek or climbing in Nepal?
Wildlife, Birds and Vegetation
Inside Makalu Barun Conservation Area you can find 88 species of mammals such as Himalayan tahr, Himalayan goral, musk deer, snow leopard, langur and many others.
You can find 16 species of amphibian, 43 species of reptiles and 78 species of fishes. As in the record of Makalau Barun conservation office, you can find 440 species of birds such as eagles, raptors, white necked storks and many others.
16 rare birds are also found inside Makalu Barun Conservation Area; such as blue naped pitta, sultan tit, spiny babbler and other. You can find wider diversity of forest types in Makalu Barun Conservation Area alone. The wide types of forests means forest of Sal, Schima, Castanopsis, oak, laurel, maple, magnolia, Himalayan birch, rhododendron, wild flowers and many others.
Entrance Fee & Permit for Makalu Barun Conservation Area
Entrance fee of Makalu Barun Conservation Area differs with nationality. It costs; ➡ NPR 100 for Nepali- per person ➡ USD 15 for SAARC nationals- per person ➡ USD 30 for foreign nationals- per person
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Makalu Barun Conservation Area is one of the most pristine and exciting trekking tour regions in Nepal. It’s neighbour & home to some of the world’s tallest peaks including Everest, Lhotse, Makalu and Baruntse. The region is also home to many others mountains like Chamlang, Mera Peak, Amadablam, Pumori and many more.
Conservation Area spans an area of 2330 square kilometers in total and includes the famous Arun valley as well as the Barun river basin.
The conservation area was established in 1992 with the goal of protecting the natural beauty & bio diversity. It was originally created in order to preserve its biodiversity which consists of over 3,000 species of plants; 440 birds; 75 mammals; and 44 reptiles.
The area is also famous for its unique cultural diversity with Sherpa people living on one side and Rai or Limbu people residing on another side making it a great place to visit if you want to experience different cultures.
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