Tsum Valley is considered as one of the few villages trekking route in Nepal which is completely isolated from modern developments. Tsum valley lies in the Tsum Nubri Rural Municipality in northern Gorkha, Nepal – connected with the Tibetan boarder via Dhojhyang pass.
Tsum valley saw the first trekkers in 2007 when it was formally opened for trekking and tourism activity by Nepal government. The remoteness of Tsum is still untouched and beautiful with panorama of the mountains and jungle trekking. Tsum valley lies in Gorkha district and comprises two remote villages called Chumchet and Chhekampar. Chhekampar village is the Upper Tsum valley while Chumchet is the Lower Tsum.
‘Tsum’ is the Tibetan terminology which is ‘Tsombo’ in Tibetan, which means vivid. People living in Tsum Valley are called Tsumbas.
Tsumbas called Yeti as Mehti and those Yetis were often seen by people of Tsum valley. It is still believed that the Yaks of locals in Tsum valley were taken care by Yeti in the past. People believes; Yeti still exists in the region but it is unexplored or unfound yet.
Tsum valley is a very distinct place geographically and culturally. In the past history this valley has had thirteen provinces and was ruled as a single territory. Tsum valley region is so unexplored that many religious and archeological relics are still intact at many places in Tsum. People in Tsum Valley still practise polyandry system. Their unique culture, tradition and a dialect of their own will surprise tourist. Lhosar, Dhacyhang, Saka Dawa, Faning are major festival of the region among many other.
Tsum Valley is speeded in an area of about 1663 km2. Lowest point of Tsum Valley trek will be Lokpa at 1905 meter / 6248 feet and the highest is Ngula Dhojhyang Pass (over 5095 meter / 37206 feet) on the Nepal-Tibetan border. The Hidden Valley of Tsum is surrounded by the Baudha Himal and Himal Chuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south, and Sringi Himal to the North.
Tsum valley is rich in ancient art & artifacts, culture and religion which date back centuries old. Local people in Tsum valley are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak unique dialect which comes modifies from Tibetan dialects in the past. Trekking trails are strewn with old traditional chortens and divided with mani walls with beautiful painting and stone carving. Religious structures made of thousands of stone slabs carved with drawings of deities and inscribed with prayers are source of archeological findings in Nepal – which has not been explored much. The famous Kyimu Lung, a pilgrimage circuit in the central Trans-Himalaya, well known for its center of learning and meditation also goes along the Tsum Valley the Manaslu area in Nepal, and southern parts of Tibet.
Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep which congregates in herds of 50 to 200 are some of the often seen wildlife of the region. Rachen Gumba and Mu Gumba, Gumba Lungdang in upper Tsum valley region are famous and sacred places of the region. Volunteering to explore the depth of the hidden valley has been found where one can volunteer for one week in local school, health posts and clean-up campaign.
Glacial lake Trek
Nepal is a Himalayan destination either for tour or trekking. 80 percent of the people traveling to Nepal come for mountain activities, whereas 50 percent of trekking destination in Nepal has Lakes. Most of those lakes are glacial lakes and few are freshwater lake as well. Beauty of lakes on the lap of Nepal Himalaya is flourished with reflection of white peaks on the blue water of those lakes.
Lakes like Gokyo, Rara and Tilicho are very big or close to the snowy peaks to give mirror image on the blue water of lake.
Most of the lakes in Nepal are assumed holy either in relation with god Shiva or Buddha. People who worship nature also pay respect to the lakes as holy place. All the lakes in Nepal have interesting features. Like Gokyo lakes of Everest region is famous for its cascade pattern on 6 different lakes of same valley. The valley is called Gokyo. Tilicho Lake is the highest altitude lake with beautiful mountain reflection on its blue water. Tilicho lies near by Annapurna circuit trek. Another interesting lake is Rara Lake, which can be trekked or people fly on helicopter to get to Rara Lake. Rara Lake is special because it changes its water into 7 different colors in a day. This natural phenomenon is because of its large size and reflection of mountains and skyline. Rara is the largest lake of Nepal.
Lakes in Nepal are in the cities as well. Phewa Lake in Pokhara has made Pokhara a precious place for tourist. This tourist destination of Nepal has beautiful reflection of wide Himalaya range on the water of Phewa Lake.
Apart from above discussed lakes there are 1000s’ of lake which are rarely discovered. Some of them are in the famous trekking routes like Annapurna or Everest or Manaslu whereas many of them are still unexplored and few of them are in the restricted trekking routes like Dolpo and Numbur cheese circuit. Naming few other lakes of Nepal are as – Gosaikunda lake, Dudhpokhari lake, Damodar kunda lake, Gangapurna lake, Phoksundo lake, Imja Lake, Chola lake, Ghodaghodi lake, Rupa lake, Begnas lake, Jattapokhari lake, Panchpokhari lake and many other. The list of the named lakes in nepal will be long whereas there are still 1000’s of them which are waiting their first visit.
High Pass Trek
Trekking over the high passes of Nepal has given beautiful memory to millions of nature lovers. Just basecamp trekking and few high passes are famous in Nepal but with wider Himalaya range in Nepal new passes like Mardi himal pass trekking are being discovered for those who love high passes trekking in the younger Himalayas of Nepal.
Snowline of Nepal starts from around 5000 meter that is why high passes of Nepal are above this 5k altitude. High passes means trekking through the mountain range to get in other side of the valley. It is basically crossing the range of the Himalaya from the narrow escape where it is accessible the best.
High pass hike are good for many reasons; the best view, circuit trekking trail, adventure, unforeseen condition to create thrill in the trip and many more. High pass of any Himalaya range of Nepal can never be underestimated. But in right time and favored weather conditions all those high passes trekking in any tops had never been issue.
In Everest- 3 high passes trek has been really famous as it nearly covers most of the Everest region including Everest base camp itself. But people love chola pass as it connects Everest base camp with Gokyo ri or the valley of Gokyo with numerous lakes and glacial walk.
Annapurna has famous Annapurna circuit over thorong la pass. Apart from thorong la pass in highlight, there are other trekking passes like Mesokanta pass, Kangla pass and many other. Manaslu and Annapurna are connected by larkey la pass. This pass is considered as one of the new and trending high pass of Nepal. Kang la pas of Narphu, selele pass of Kanchenjunga, saldnag pass of upper Dolpo, Kangla pass of Narphu are few high passes in the restricted region of Nepal.
There are technical high passes like Sherpini col, amapalpcha pass, Rubina la pass and many other – these passes are higher than 6k and connects not only the valley but the different Himalaya range. These high passes involves technical peak climbing as well.
Trekking is one of the major activities among many things to do in Nepal. Apart from hiking tours, there are many other sightseeing tour options in Nepal. However walking tour is a world admired as hiking to Everest or Annapurna region of Nepal Himalaya are famous around the world.
When someone talks about their holidays in Nepal, all imagine they are going to the mountains and it is all about trekking in the Nepal. Believe it, Everest base camp trek is one of the famous bucket list item.
However our trekking tour category has diversity of trekking trips in Nepal. New destination trek to hiking route finding trips in Nepal, are listed under the tour tag of trekking.
Again, as Nepal is a small country with tallest peak of the world Everest, she is famous among hike lovers & nature hikers. Mountainous terrain of Nepal makes lots of ups and down and hiking here is great adventure. Hike in Nepal starts from the altitude of 1100 meter or 1968 feet to 6500 meters or 21320 feet.
Nepal Hiking Altitude profile in general
Lowest altitude for the hiking is from Besisahar which is the gateway of Annapurna Region treks to Annapurna circuit or manalsu circuit hiking and highest altitude that takes you to the height of 6500 meter or 21320 feet to the famous trekking peak called Mera peak. Mera peak starts in Everest region but the peak is on the other side of Everest Base Camp hiking that is in Makalu Barun conservation area. Very few people go for this trekking peak in the Makalu Barun National park.
Trekking in Nepal is under the bucket list of all most the entire traveler around the world. Nepal is famous for trekking activity. But trip extension like Peak climbing, Rafting, Paragliding, Para Hawking, Kayaking, day tours are famous. Nepal has four seasons. All of them are suitable for any of the activity. But each activity needs to design the itinerary as per the season. For example hiking during monsoon in Nepal needs to be short and starts early for the day, like start early stop early. We have lots of hiking package in numerous trekking region of Nepal for all level of fitness. Hiking in Nepal can be short as 3 days and more than a month long.
Nepal conserves huge area of forest and helps in controlling global warming by cutting carbon production. Greenery in Nepal is conserved in the form of national parks, conservation area, wildlife reserves, community forest, hunting reserves and wetland areas. Trekking in those protected forest is a part of jungle trekking we do in packages of Nepalgram.
Apart from those conserved area there are other auto protected region which can be discovered along the trekking route of remote Himalayas in Nepal. While trekking in the remote trekking destinations of Nepal there are many villages with barren lands and those lands are private but after not farming there for years, these lands are now forest.
Trekking has always been through the jungle, in Nepal. If you want to trek all the time inside the jungle you can choose trekking like Mard himal trek or other new trekking routes. If you want to trek in the dense forest then you have to choose something similar to Jattapokhari camping trek or similar camping treks.
Either you trek to famous Annapurna base camp or Everest region trail – forest trekking is partially available in all the regions. The concern among most of the travelers coming to Nepal is either they will want to be in the jungle for most of time or they just want to experience the jungle trekking partially.
Trekking in Nepal has always been into the nature. And jungle has always been inseparable part of trekking activity. But in few cases, there are some trekking destinations like upper mustang and Upper Dolpo where all you see is deserted landscape. Those trekking trails are rain shadow zone and are not for jungle trekking.
In Nepal, Jungle trekking is not possible when you get above the altitude of 4000 meters. From this height no tree zone starts and all you see is bushes and the towering mountains.