1 Day TOUR of PATAN Historical City with Local Guide
Patan Durbar Square Day Tour Overview
Patan Durbar Square is located at the heart of heritage the city of Lalitpur. It is one of the, three Durbar Square inside Kathmandu valley and Patan DS is listed in the world UNESCO heritage sites.
Major attraction of Patan is the ancient royal palace, where Malla Kings of Lalitpur ruled. The Durbar Square is a known for its fine art and Newar traditional architect. Newari community are still living in the city wth grouped houses, with a common front-yard of many houses. The front-yard also called chwok is a common Square floor tiled with red bricks.
There are many courtyard, monuments and idols in patan area. The Square also holds traditional Newari residential houses. There are other temples and structures in and around Patan Durbar Square. Temples, beautiful carving in wood and Manson were built by the Newari people, now and then.
Patan is also known for Rato Machindranath Jatra. This is a fest to celebrate the joy of rainy season in Kathmandu, alike to Dumji festival of Himalaya region (Dumji fest of Tengboche is a famous festival in the lap of mount Everest).
Rato Machhindranath festival in patan continues for a month and is ended with Bhoto Jatra, the display of the sacred vest. This fest is observed towards the end of May, in Patan Durbar square premises.
Highlighted Monuments of Patan Historical Durbar Square City Tour
- The Golden Gate
- Krishna Mandir
- Bhimsen Temple
- Taleju Bhawani Temple
- Char-Narayan Temple
- Sundari Chowk, the royal open bath
- Mul Chowk
Patan is a one of the largest historic cities in Nepal and is located just across the Bagmati river from Kathmandu. Confusingly, it is also known as Lalitpur, both names deriving from the Sanskrit "Lalitapattan".
Like its larger neighbor Kathmandu, Patan also boasts a Durbar Square full of temples, statues, and palaces. In addition, Patan Museum a must-see attraction of Patan Durbar square.
As a traditional center of wooden carving handicrafts, Patan durbar square is a great place to purchase jewelry, Buddha statues and masks.
Patan Historical Durbar Square City Tour Anthropological Aspect
Durbar Square is the Palace Square of Patan. The Palace was built on the site of a fort that stood until 1734 and served as the residence of the Malla rulers of the then Patan state. It is divided into a succession of courtyards (or “chowks”).
Unfortunately, only the last of these on the right (which houses the museum) is open on a regular basis, due to problems with theft of artifacts.
The first palace building is Sundari Chowk which was constructed in 1647. The three-storey temple on the palace side is the Degutale temple, constructed in 1661 after an earlier one burned down. Mul Chowk was the central part of the old palace and in recent times has suffered much theft of ornamental woodwork.
The famous Museum of patan is in Keshab Narayan Chowk. An excellent and well-presented little museum with descriptions of various artistic techniques.
Patan Historical Durbar Square City Tour highlights
- Octagonal stone Krishna temple, constructed in 1647.
- A huge bell that dates back to 1737 and is still rung once a year.
- The Shankar Narayan temple, with kneeling stone elephants in front.
- The temple with a statue of Yognarendra on a pillar in front.
- Two smaller temples dedicated to Vishnu, dating back to 1590 and 1652.
- The oldest temple in the complex, dating back to 1566.
- A stone temple to Krishna, considered to be a masterpiece, with some amazing stonework. Note the Garuda on the pillar in front, which has eyes of crystal.
- The Vishwanath temple, with two stone elephants and riders in front.
- The Bhimsen temple, constructed in 1680 but with more recent marble additions.
South of Durbar Square
- Mahaboudha Temple, (5-10 minutes walking distance from Durbar Square). This is a a stone temple covered with terracotta tiles, which include 1008 Budha images. It was modelled on a larger temple in Bodhgaya, India and took one family four generations to complete.
- Rudravarna Mahavihar (also known as Uku Bahal). A gem of a temple close to Mahaboudha, but much less visited. One of the oldest temples in the Kathmandu Valley with some strange and interesting statues.
- Machchhendranath temple. Machchhendranath also gives his name to an annual festival when a 25 meter tall "chariot" is paraded through Patan. The parade takes place between April and June, with the chariot staying the night at different locations. The end of the parade is supposed to coincide with the onset of the monsoon rains. The wheels of the chariot are over 2m in diameter. For the rest of the year these can be seen in the building next to the Ashok Stupa
North of Durbar Square
- Golden Temple (Hiranayavarna Makavikar). An enormous number of gold- and silver-covered decorations and some excellent bronze statues make this well worth being the only temple in Patan you have to pay to enter.
- Kumbheshwar Temple. One of the two five-story pagoda temples of the Valley. The sunken basin is usually empty but around August is filled for the Kumbheshwar Mela full moon day festival. At this time the temple becomes packed. Sheep roaming the temple are those that have been spared sacrifice
- Ashok Stupa. Immediately after the pedestrian bridge at Pulchowk is the old Buddhist stupa of Ashok. Next to that is the building where the structure of the Machchhendranath chariot is kept when not being used
1 Day Activity