Nepal’s General Information

Nepal is a developing a landlocked country situated in South East Asia with a population of 31 million. Nepal is a world in itself (geographically and culturally). Synonymous with Everest, Buddha, Pashupatinath, Swayambhu, the one horned rhino, and many more; Nepal is small country but the variation of its climatic zone and terrain makes it one of the wonders of the world.

It is one of the richest countries on planet in terms of bio-diversity, due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. It is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious nation with Nepali as the official language.

Kathmandu is the national capital and largest city of Nepal.

Geopolitical introduction

Picture: Gokyo Lake seen during Gokyo trek

Nepal is situated between China in the north and India the south, east, and west. It is located in the Northern hemisphere, known as land of Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain in the world.

The Himalayan mountain range that stretches across Nepal’s northern border includes eight of the ten tallest mountains on earth. Nepal’s weather is generally unpredictable but pleasant.

Nepal can be divided into three zones: Upper Himalaya, Lower Himalaya and Terai. The Terai belt of Nepal is flat grasslands. It is famous for culture like the Tharu culture and is also known for being the birthplace of Buddha – Lumbini.

The Lower Himalaya region is full of green flora and fauna with dozens of conservation areas and national parks including one hunting reserve. The Lower Himalayan range has many beautiful destinations for traveling and spending unforgettable holidays, and the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, is also situated in this region.

The Upper Himalaya region of Nepal is full of mountains. 14 of them are higher than 8000m and thousands of them are above 5000m – there are more unnamed than named. This region of Nepal is famous as the best trekking destination in the world. Especially in the Himalaya region we can say Nepal is the land of peaks.

We don’t have the exact number of peaks but 3-5 major Himalaya regions can be discovered traveling here. Months of trekking are possible in Nepal; the Great Himalayan trail (GHT) is 120 days trekking.

Cultural, religious and historical identity

PicturePashupatinath Temple at Kathmandu

Nepal is a secular state with pre-dominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.

Nepal house a number of important pilgrimage sites of Hindus, including Pashupatinath Temple, Changu Narayan Temple, Janaki Temple, Muktinath Temple, etc.

Nepal’s official religion was Hinduism before it was announced as a secular country back in 2012, but there used to be a strong Buddhist element as well.

At present as a secular country Nepal as a country has not any religion but all religion are respected eqaully.

The historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, was born in the six century B.C. in the famous gardens of Lumbini at Mayadevi temple of present, which soon became a place of pilgrimage.

Picture: Map of Nepal

Features of Nepal

Area: Nepal has a total area of 147, 516 sq. km.
Location:  The kingdom of Nepal is situated between India and China.
People: Nepal has 125 ethnic groups or caste and 123 spoken languages.
Language: Nepali is spoken all over Nepal; travel-trade people can understand and speak English as well.
Religion: Hinduism and Buddhism are the two main religions in Nepal.
Currency: Nepali Rupee
Political System: Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia.

Climate of Nepal

Nepal has four climatic seasons namely (1) Winter: December-February; (2) Spring: March-May; (3) Summer: June-August; and (4) Autumn: September-November. The monsoon is approximately from the end of June to the middle of September.

Nepal can be visited all the year around.

What to wear

Lightweight clothing is recommended from May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March.

An umbrella or a raincoat is necessary for the rainy season.    

Nepal Visa Information

Visa Facility                 Duration               Fee

Multiple Entry                     15 days                US$ 30

Multiple Entry                      30 days                 US$ 50

Multiple Entry                   90 days                  US$ 100

Except Indian nationals, all travelers have to hold a passport (valid for six months longer than your stay in Nepal) and valid visa.

Visa can be normally issued either on your arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport Kathmandu or at major land boarder entry points at Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal), Sunauli, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal), Birgunj (Parsa, Central Nepal), Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid-Western Nepal), and Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal).

Nepal Trekking Permits

If you want to go trekking, you have to obtain entry permits to the area you are going for example for ACAP for Annapurna region and Upper Mustang, Dolpo, Nar-Phu, Manaslu etc.

Permits to all regions are provided from Immigration Office and some from Nepal Tourism Board.    

Entry Permits available at the following locations:

  • Kathmandu: Nepal tourism board at Pradarsani marga, Kathmandu (for Annapurna, Gaurishankar, Everest & Manaslu)
  • Pokhara: Nepal Tourism Board, Tourist Service Center, Pardi Damside (for Annapurna only)
  • Restricted region permit: Kathmandu only at Immigration office at Kathmandu; you need trekking agency to process your restricted trail permit.

Banks and Money Changers

There are several banks and many money changers along Thamel street in Kathmandu.

Banks are open between 10:00 A.M. to 2:30 P.M. from Sundays to Thursdays and between 10:00 A.M. to 12:30 P.M. on Fridays.

Visa Cards, Master Cards, & ATM Cards can be cashed at any time. There are several 24-hour ATM card booths in Kathmandu.

US dollar and Euro are mostly preferred currencies. Credit cards are accepted by most of the service providers, travel agencies and trekking agencies.       

Accommodation in Nepal Travels

Nepal offers a wide range of accommodation to suit for almost all kinds of visitors. Nepal’s many hotels and lodges gives comfort as their own homes.

There are five star, four star, three star, standard non-star hotels and a number of lodges, guest houses, hostels, home stays, rental space are available in the heart of Kathmandu.       

Food and Beverage in Nepal

You can get different types of world-renowned cuisines such as western, continental and local food. There are numerous restaurants coffee shops, nightclubs, bars, music dance clubs and nightlife entertainments. 

Entertainment Facilities in Nepal

Shopping, Dance Show, Live Band, Clubs, Disco and many more Nightlife are available.

Communication in Nepal

Communicating with you family members from Nepal is almost as easy as in your own country. You can enjoy the facilities of E-mail, Internet at cyber cafes, Fax, and ISD phone services in and around Kathmandu.

You can stay connected with anyone corner of the world at any time.

Local sim card for telephone service is as cheap as US$5 per sim and they are rechargeable. You can find local telecommunication service like in every next store in Kathmandu.

Postal System in Nepal

General post office (GPO) is situated at Kathmandu, Nepal. It provides the following services:  

  • Express Mail Service (EMS);
  • Parcel Service;
  • Post Box Service & its Online Post Box Service;
  • Postal Banking Service;
  • Letter

Things to do in Nepal

Picture – Swyambhunath Temple in Kathmandu, also called monkey temple

In Nepal you can visit temples & the mountains and do adventure tours to luxury Trekking.

Among millions of trekking trails around the world Everest base camp trek is a famous and world admired trekking trek.

Temple like Pashupatinath is famous all over the world, among Hindu pashupatinath is a holy place. Whereas Lumbini is Birthplace of Buddha and has both cultural and historical importance.

Short Description of Nepal

Picture – One horned Rhino is identity of Nepal

Capital: Kathmandu
Official language: Nepali
State Religion: Secular
People’s Religion: Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, Sikh and other
Famous for: Mount Everest, one horned rhino, spotted tiger, Birthplace of Buddha, home of young Himalaya etc…

Some more about Nepal;

  1. Nepal’s official name is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
  2. Nepal has very strong tradition of the caste system.
  3. Nepal makes up 0.01% of world area.
  4. Nepal is locked in between India (in the south, east and west) and China (in the north and east).
  5. Diversity is the buzzword of Nepal because we have diverse culture, tradition, castes and even diverse environments such as the Upper Himalaya region, which is cold; Terai, which is hot; and the Lower Himalaya region, which is a mild climatic zone.

Few tours among thousands of activities in Nepal are enough for your extension trips for your trekking in Nepal. Among thousands of destination and expedition in Nepal Himalaya to the infinite mountains of Nepal, famous itinerary and their details are listed on our website.

If you are looking for any kind of specific information please write your details straightly to us on

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